What is the Kangarena?*


The Kangarena is a traditional Australian dance, first performed in Australian aboriginal ceremonies and now adapted for, and adopted by, the wider Australian population as the Australian national dance. As Australians are not noted for their dancing skills the Kangarena is not performed as regularly as one would expect of a national dance. e.g. the flamenco in Spain, the tango in Argentine, the Irish jig in Ireland, the limbo in Trinidad & Tobago and of course the polka of Lichtenstein, however in recent times it has gained in popularity and becoming more widely recognised.


The origins of the Kangarena are lost in the mists of time, but it is thought to have been performed by Australian aboriginals for many centuries prior to 18th Century European settlement. As the dance has some resemblance to the Spanish Macarena it has been speculated that there is a cultural link between aboriginal settlement in Australia and the Spanish people. Indeed, it has been said that the late Norwegian explorer and ethnographer Thor Heyerdahl, having proven the link between South American and Polynesian cultures (Kon-Tiki expedition 1947) and also the North African and West Indian populations (Ra and Ra II, 1969 & 1970); was planning a third trip on a traditional Spanish trading boat to prove the link between the Spanish and Australian aboriginal culture.

The journey Spain

The theory postulated was that a group of Spanish men and women departed Spain to cross the Straits of Gibraltar on a trip to deliver a cargo of rice and chickens to Morocco. They were also carrying a gift for the Moroccan leader in the form of a box of saffron. A large storm swept them into the Atlantic and then carried far south. Currents conspired to propel the craft around the Cape of Good Hope and eastwards to the shores of Australia where a settlement was established.

Paella Don

Fortunately, with the rice and chickens, plus the fish they caught on the way they were able to survive on paella for the length of the trip. The saffron was also used to colour and flavour the paella. Over the years the Spaniards integrated with the Australian indigenous community and whilst the art of making paella was lost, the Macarena was adapted to Australian conditions, hence the Kangarena was born.


The purpose and importance of dance in the Australia aboriginal culture

The Australian aborigines do not have a written language; hence their knowledge was recorded in a range of forms: song, dance, story and memory devices. Each had their own significance and level of importance. Songs are more important than dances, but dances were important too. The traditional corroboree were massive gatherings open to all and included dance, plus other ways to convey aspects of knowledge and culture.

The Memory Code Don

Associated events, such as boras, were restricted to those who were higher up the social standing and contained more important impormation. With the additional aid of memory devices and songlines as described in The Memory Code by author Dr Lynne Kelly, these were amazingly robust ways of ensuring important information could be passed from one generation to the next – and the next – and so on down the centuries. The corroboree, dance, song, storylines and boras summed to kind of encyclopaedia for those with no written language who needed detailed and accurate information about their environment to survive. The dance was used to describe where to find water in times of drought; it acted as the map for these mobile aboriginal people.

Kangaroo and joey

Groups moved between a series of semi-permanent sites. The frequency of movement depended on the environment and specific culture, of which there were over 300 language groups. The dance mimicked animal movements and it recorded how to best hunt animals, plus preserved other important spiritual information. Whilst corroborees are quite secret and not accessible to the non-indigenous population, because of the Spanish/European influence of the Kangarena an exception has been made for this multicultural dance.

It should be noted that the kangaroo was a significant source of protein (meat) for the Australian aboriginals. The ability to efficiently hunt an animal that could quickly escape even the fastest hunter was vital to the survival of the tribe.

The Kangarena moves are based on that of the kangaroo and how it can be best hunted. These moves are described below.

Kangarena dance actions

The dance actions, seemingly simple, carry a great deal of important information packed into the four moves. They describe the ability of the kangaroo to outpace the predator, therefore to escape: and the senses it uses to detect predators.

Roos Dance 01
Step 1 The paws

The ears are a primary form of defence. Kangaroos have very acute hearing and can sense danger from the slightest noise. This reminds the hunter to be extremely quiet.

Action: Left-paw followed by right-paw to the beat of the music.

Roos Dance 02
Step 2 The ears

The paws are used to grasp food and maintain balance whilst hopping. Large red kangaroos can achieve speeds of 70 kph, leap a distance of 8 m and clear fences up to 3 m. They can easily evade the hunter, once sensed. The following steps depict how the kangaroo can sense a predator. If this information is understood the hunter has a greater chance of success in the hunt.

Action: Left-ear followed by Right-ear.

Roos Dance 03
Step 3. The nose

Kangaroos have an excellent sense of smell. They can smell danger in the form of predators in minute amount carried by the wind. Hunters need to approach the kangaroo from the down wind direction. This reminds the hunter to approach mobs of kangaroos from down wind.

Action: Upwardly sniff the air left-side followed by sniff the air right-side.

Roos Dance 04
Step 4. The hop forward

An interesting fact is that a kangaroo cannot hop backwards. This action reminds dancers that the kangaroo cannot move backwards to escape, so approach from the front.

Action: On the drawn out ‘Heeeeyyyyy’ the dancer moves in time with the music to a squat position. On the word ‘Kangarena’ the dancer hops forward.

Repeat. Repeat Steps 1 to 4.

See here or here to see the actions.

Kangarena around the world

Country City/Town Date Reformers
Mallorca, Spain Pòrtol, Marratxi 23rd May 2017 APABAL (English teachers group) Kangarena performance 1
Mallorca, Spain Pòrtol, Marratxi 23rd May 2017 APABAL (English teachers group) Kangarena performance 2
Australia Durba Springs 23rd July 2018 Glenyse, Marcia, Don Kangarena performance 3
England Trafalgar Square 30th October 2018 Don Kangarena performance 4
Spain Madrid 27th May 2019 Don Kangarena performance 5
Spain Valencia 29th May 2019 Don Kangarena performance 6
Ibiza, Spain Eivissa 31st May 2019 Don Kangarena performance 7
Mallorca, Spain Sant Elm 5th June 2019 Aina, Don Kangarena performance 8
Provence, France Menerbes 9th June 2019 Don Kangarena performance 9
France Marseille 11th June 2019 Don Kangarena performance 10
France Avignon 14th June 2019 Don Kangarena performance 11
Flanders, France Morbecque 20th June 2019 Francois, Lucie, Don Kangarena performance 12
Somerset, England Cheddar Gorge 26th June 2019 Don Kangarena performance 13


Q. Is the kangaroo able to hop backwards?

A. No, this is a real fact.

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* This is material is based on both fictional and factual information. The website owners will leave it to the reader to decide what is fact and what is alternative fact. In these challenging times it is often difficult to distinguish between the two, so we encourage you to make the effort. If you do it is likely that you will be in the minority of the population.

* None of this material is designed to cause offense to any culture or person. It is presented with a good dose of Australian larrikinism. Participate, contribute and enjoy!